CUBA : THE FIRST COUNTRY TO ELIMINATE MOTHER TO CHILD HIV TRANSMISSION : It is known by the largest island of Caribbean (West Indies) equal in area to Pennsylvania and its also also the westernmost—just west of Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), and 90 mi (145 km) south of Key West, Fla., at the entrance to the Gulf of Mexico. Recently World Health Organization has announced that Cuba becomes the first place to dominate HIV transmission virus from mother to child which means the child at birth feel safe even if the parents are going through such diseases. HIV is a disease which can catch the entire family into its jaws and therefore its quite difficult to believe that Cuba has finally taken control over it.
About The Cuba
STATEMENT OF WHO:
World Health Organisation said in a statement that they and the Pan American Health Organization sent to the Cuba to determine their criteria and some of the things were observed by the organisation that in 2013,only two children’s were born with HIV virus and five with Syphilis(a disease caused due to sexual intercourse).The organisations were highly shocked as they saw this for the first time and this could never be believed from Cuba.
The WHO’s director general, Margaret Chan, said it was “one of the greatest public health achievements possible” and an important step towards an Aids-free generation.
REASON BEHIND ITS ACHIEVEMENTS:
Cuba’s Communist government considers its free healthcare a major achievement of the 1959 revolution.In Cuba many health cares were opened for free which motivates the HIV suffering individual to resist this disease to its next generation(child).These health cares are basically opened for the people who cant afford operation fee.Moreover,the doctors never discriminate these people.With this statement i mean to say that the doctors have to operate the patient for free thus a doctor can sometimes think that they would not operate the patient that perfectly without any fee.
In short,the scheme for testing pregnant women and their partner for HIV helps Cuba to obtain this.Also the set has set an inspiration for other countries too to completely eliminate the HIV virus and form a disease free country.
MOST SUFFERING COUNTRY:
According to the reports of WHO, South Africa is the country which suffers the most HIV patient.More than thousands are found suffering HIV every year and this is continuously increasing.If this is not controlled soon,this could set a disaster for them.Steps should be taken by the government and the parents to test for HIV every year so as to avoid the transfer of virus to the next generation.
Also as estimated,more than 1.5 million of women are pregnant per year and without testing for HIV about 10-20% children can suffer from this disease by breast feeding.
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