Google Doodle honors Father of India’s Space Programme Vikram Sarabhai on 100th birth anniversary: Today’s Google Doodle celebrates the 100th birthday of the award-winning Indian physicist, industrialist, and innovator Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai. Known as the Father of India’s Space Programme, Vikram Sarabhai was born in Ahmedabad on August 12, 1919. Initially, he attended Gujarat College and then went to England to complete his doctorate at Cambridge University.
After earning his doctorate, he returned back to India and then at the age of 28, Vikram founded the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad on November 11, 1947. Later he also established the Indian National Committee for Space Research in 1962, which was later renamed as the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
Vikram Sarabhai successfully convinced the Indian government of the importance of a space programme after the Russian Sputnik launch. Dr. Sarabhai had said, “There are some who question the relevance of space activities in a developing nation. To us, there is no ambiguity of purpose. We must be second to none in the application of advanced technologies to the real problems of man and society.”
Vikram Sarabhai Biography-
Dr. Homi Bhabha, widely regarded as the father of India’s nuclear science program, supported Vikram Sarabhai in setting up the first rocket launching station in India. The inaugural flight was launched on November 21, 1963, with a sodium vapour payload.
Vikram Sarabhai’s dialogue with NASA in 1966 helped the launch of the Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE) during July 1975 – July 1976 years after his death in 1971.
He also dreamed of having an Indian satellite in space and that’s why he also started a project for the fabrication and launch of an Indian Satellite. As a result, the first Indian satellite, Aryabhata, was put in orbit in 1975 from a Russian Cosmodrome.
He was also the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission. Vikram Sarabhai along with other Ahmedabad-based industrialists played a major role in the creation of the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad. Apart from these, he pioneered the setting up of several institutions, such as the Community Science Centre, and the Darpan Academy for Performing Arts which he set up with his wife Mrinalini, a renowned dancer.
He received the Padma Bhushan in 1966 and was conferred the Padma Vibhushan posthumously in 1972. A crater on the moon was also named after him in his honour in 1973. Last month, ISRO launched its lunar mission with the Chandrayaan-2, in which the Vikram lander is scheduled to touch down on the lunar surface on September 7.