40% of India including Delhi and Bengaluru could run out of ground water by 2020: In the post-apocalyptic cult-classic Mad Max: Fury Road, director George Miller predict a world where petrol and water are scarce commodities and will be difficult to use by even rich people.
One day perhaps people will be live in the world without drinking water or the groundwater is turned to be the scary thought and a reality that look at the people which people will also have to face in the not-so-distant future.
India is suffering from ‘the worst water crisis’ in its history with about 60 crore people actually facing from the longtime severe water stress and about two lakh people die every year because of the inadequate access to safe water, Niti Aayog said in a report today.
The report, titled ‘Composite Water Management Index’ released by Nitin Gadkari, the Minister for Water Resources further said that the water crisis is only going to get worse in the coming days.
“By 2030, the country’s water demand is projected to be twice the available supply, implying severe water scarcity for hundreds of millions of people and an eventual 6 percent loss in the country’s GDP,” the report noted.
Quote data by independent agencies, the report said that with the nearly 70 percent of water being contaminated, India is coming in the placed at 120th amongst 122 nations as per the water quality index.
“Currently, 600 million Indians face high to extreme water stress and about two lakh people die every year due to inadequate access to safe water,” Niti Aayog said in the report.
Citing data by agencies which includes, Dalburg Analysis, FAO and UNICEF, the report said that around 40 per cent of population by 2030 will have no access to drinking water 21 cities, which includes, New Delhi, Bengaluru, and Hyderabad, will run out of groundwater by 2020, that will be affecting 100 million people.
Niti Aayog has ranked the states, all the way through, first of its kind index on the composite water management; encompass 9 broad sectors with 28 different indicators that cover different aspects of the groundwater, restoration of water bodies, irrigation, farm practices, drinking water, policy, and governance.
In the meantime, Gujarat has topped the Niti Aayog’s composite water management index (CWMI), whilst tribal-state Jharkhand was regarded as being as the worst performer anyway.
Gujarat is followed by Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra on the index.
In the northeastern and Himalayan states, Tripura has been regarded as the top state in 2016-17 go behind by Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and Assam.
As per the various report, 52 percent of India’s agricultural area remains dependent on rainfall, thus the future expansion of irrigation required to be focused on last-mile efficiency.
Noting that water index scores vary is different in the various states of the nation; it said most states have achieved a score below 50 percent which needs to improve their water resource management practices crucially.
AS per an official statement, the CWMI is a significant tool to assess and improve the performance of states/ Union Territories in the well-organized management of water resources.
This is also being described that the index will provide useful information for the states which is for the concerned Central ministries /departments allow them to formulate and implement suitable strategies for enhanced and better management of water resources.