India to leave behind China as most populated country in next 8 years: As per to a recent United Nations report launched on Monday, India is going to overtake China to turn out to be the world’s most populated country in just eight years. In the meantime, the Chinese population will decrease by 31.4 million, or about 2.2 per cent, in the middle of 2019 and 2050.
The global population may possibly reach its peak about the end of the present century, with an expected population of 11 billion. India is expected to leave behind China as the world’s most populated country in next 8 years, as per to the report. The global fertility rate, which declined from 3.2 births each woman in the year 1990 to 2.5 in 2019, is going to fall more to 2.2 in the year 2050. India’s present total fertility rate stands at 2.2 births per woman.
India to become the most populous country in next 8 years
The report titled ”The World Population Prospects 2019: Highlights” projected that the world’s population is estimated to upsurge by two million by 2050, from 7.7 billion today to 9.7 billion.
“The World Population Prospects 2019: Highlights”, is published by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, which presented a complete outline of global demographic patterns and prospects.
There are total numbers of nine countries that are going to make up more than half of the estimated increase of the global population in the middle of Present day to 2050. The nine countries are as follows: India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, the United Republic of Tanzania, Indonesia, Egypt and the United States of America.
The populace of sub-Saharan Africa is estimated to twice over by 2050, up 99%. Counties that may experience lesser rates of increase in population in the middle of 2019 and 2050 comprises of Oceania exclusive of nations such as Australia/New Zealand (56%), Northern Africa and Western Asia (46%), Australia/New Zealand (28%), Central and Southern Asia (25%), Latin America and the Caribbean (18%), Eastern and South Eastern Asia (3%), and Europe and Northern America (2%).
People are now growing older because of the increase in life expectancy as well as falling fertility levels, and that the number of nations experiencing a decline in population size is growing. In the poorest of nations, people still live seven years less than the worldwide average.
Liu Zhenmin who is the UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs said, “Many of the fastest growing populations are in the poorest countries, where population growth brings additional challenges in the effort to eradicate poverty, achieve greater equality, combat hunger and malnutrition and strengthen the coverage and quality of health and education systems to ensure that no one is left behind.”
The report states, “In 2019, life expectancy at birth in the least developed countries lags 7.4 years behind the global average, due largely to persistently high levels of child and maternal mortality, as well as violence, conflict and the continuing impact of the HIV epidemic.”