Technology

NASA’s Mars 2020 Rover to Explore Ancient Life

Mars 2020 is a Mars rover mission instigated by NASA’s Mars Exploration Program, a latest robotic mission to the Red Planet with a planned launch on 17 July 2020 and to touch down in Jezero crater on Mars on 18 February 2021. NASA’s Mars 2020 rover mission will comprised of technology in order to explore ancient life on Mars, as per to the space agency’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

The main objective of the Mars 2020 rover is to look for various signs of ancient life. It is going to be the first spacecraft in order to assemble samples of the Martian surface, collecting them in tubes that may possibly be give back to Earth on a yet to come mission, on Thursday, Xinhua news agency reported.

About NASA’s Mars 2020

NASA’s Mars 2020 is going to explore and examine an astrobiologically significant ancient environment on Mars as well as to examine its surface geological procedures and history, comprising the valuation of its former habitability, the probability of past life on Mars, and the possibility for conservation of biosignatures within easily reached geological materials. It is going to cache sample containers along its way for a possible upcoming Mars sample-return mission.

On 4 December 2012, the presently unnamed Mars 2020 mission was declared by NASA at the fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union which was held in San Francisco. The rover’s design is consequent from the Curiosity rover, and is going to utilize a lot of components already fabricated and tested, but it is also going to carry different scientific instruments as well as a core drill.

Design

There are basically three major components of the Mars 2020 spacecraft that are the cruise stage for travel in the middle of Earth and Mars; the Entry, Descent, as well as Landing System (EDLS) that comprises of the aeroshell, parachute, descent vehicle, as well as sky crane; and also the rover.

Mission

The mission of NASA’s Mars 2020 is going to seek various signs of habitable surroundings on Mars in the ancient past, and is also going to hunt for the evidence of historical microbial life. The rover is scheduled for launch in the year 2020 on an Atlas V-541, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory is going to accomplish the mission. The mission is a major part of NASA’s Mars Exploration Program.

Goal and Purpose

The Mars 2020 rover is going to discover and will search a site probable to have been habitable. It is also going to seek signs of past life, set aside a returnable cache with the most fascinating rock core along with soil samples, and will make evident technology needed for the upcoming human and robotic investigation of Mars.