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TYCOON WITH A MISSION

The best way to learn is through leadership, and there’s no better example of this than Sanjay Dalmia, the 74-year-old Chairman of the Dalmia Group of Companies. The septuagenarian takes us through his journey, business mantras and what he feels our economy needs the most.

The best way to learn is through leadership, and there’s no better example of this than Sanjay Dalmia,
the 74-year-old chairman of Dalmia Group of Companies.

Under the aegis of Sanjay Dalmia, the group has seen immense growth, as he constantly prepares it
to face the dynamic, technologically driven world ahead. The septuagenarian takes us through his
journey, business TO COMMEMORATE 5o YEARS OF INDIA’S INDEPENDENCE, in 1997; the Parliament
had invited the Speaker of UK’s House of Commons to address a session. One MP, however, objected
to the idea. “How can a representative from a country responsible for the mass loot and massacre of
our country celebrate freedom from the atrocities they committed?” he thundered. Several fellow
MPs seconded him, and ultimately the British Speaker was only permitted to be present on the dais,
but not address the session. The MP in question was Sanjay Dalmia. Patriotism is what drives Dalmia’s
mission and vision. Apart from his business interests, he is involved in several social and economic
causes. His journey of success and enterprise has helped our economy in more ways than one, while
also inspire budding entrepreneurs till today.

Early years

Dalmia was born in Lahore on 17 March, 1944, when it was a part of British India. With roots in
Chirawa, a town in the Jhunjhunu district of Rajasthan, his large, joint family had been in business for
several years, ever since brothers Ram Krishna and Jaidayal Dalmia (Sanjay Dalmia is Jaidayal Dalmia’s
grandson) started a conglomerate in eastern India, in the first half of the loth century. Later, brothers
Ram Krishna and Jaidayal were to join hands with Shanti Prasad Jain of the Sahu Jain family to form
the mam-moth Dalmia-Jain Group. When he was still very young, Sanjay Dalmia’s family moved from
Lahore to Delhi, where he was admitted to the premier Modern School. The formation of a newly
liberated India in 1947 instilled the seeds of progress and freedom of thought in Sanjay, who often
took part in debates, seminars and conferences, on subjects ranging from politics to economy.
After Modern School, Sanjay Dalmia proceeded to St Stephen’s College, where he graduated with
Economics (Hons). In 1965, he joined the family business, in Odisha (then Orissa), which traced its
origin to the Dalmia-Jain Group. Sanjay Dalmia explains, “In 1948, the two families decided to split the
businesses. The Dalmia businesses were further divided between Ram Krishna and Jaidayal. Today, a
number of companies and conglomerates trace their origin to the original Dalmia businesses. These
include Dalmia Bros, Dalmia Bharat Group, Orissa Cement, Renaissance Group and their subsidiaries.”
As a budding industrialist, Sanjay Dalmia developed interest for banking, finance, taxation and
applicability of industrial developments to the Indian environment. “Within a year [of joining the
family business], I took charge of the cement product division with PCC poles for electrification and
spun pipes for sanitation,” he reminisces. Under his leadership, the PCC division bagged a tender of
the Bihar electricity board, which was the first of-its-kind achievement for the family. After his stint in
the cement products division, Sanjay Dalmia moved to Rampur, Uttar Pradesh, and assumed charge
of the family’s distillery business, which supplied industrial alcohol to the army. However, as the family
wasn’t keen on this business, the Dalmias sold it.

Group Companies

Incorporated in 1983, GHCL Ltd is the flagship company of the Dalmia Group, whose core businesses
comprise chemicals, textiles and consumer products. GHCL has a 7,00o-strong workforce, with offices
in India, Asia, USA, UK and Eastern Europe. With state-of-the-art manufacturing facilities in India and
Romania, the chemical division’s main product is high- grade soda ash (anhydrous sodium carbonate),
a key raw material in soaps, detergents, dyes, glass and baking soda.

The textiles division, on the other hand, is involved in spinning of fibre (yarn), weaving, dyeing and
printing of sheets and duvets, which, besides being sold in Indian markets, are exported world-wide.
The division, located in Tamil Nadu, has seen its revenue base grow from approximately US$ 5o million
to around US$615 million in 18 months. The company has also expanded into consumer products such
as edible and industrial-grade salts, as well as honey.

The Dalmia Group’s other companies include Bharat Ex-plosives Ltd, Caretel Infotech Ltd and Golden
Tobacco Ltd. Bharat Explosives specialises in industrial- and military-grade explosives and fuels, while
Caretel Infotech Ltd is involved in business process outsourcing. Golden Tobacco Ltd, of which Dalmia
was the chairman till February 2014, manufactures cigarettes. These apart, Dalmia claims expertise in
several other industries, including IT, telecommunications, finance and investment, concept
marketing and holiday resorts, etc. He has even been on the board (of directors) of the Union Bank of
India and a member of the Northern Committee of Industrial Development Bank of India.

Beyond the boardroom

Besides business, Dalmia is keenly interested in India’s overall industrial and economic growth. He is
associated with trade organisations such as the PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry, FICCI and is
also the founder-director of the Europe-India Chamber of Commerce (EICC).

“I think it is important to discuss deliberate, debate and even lobby for the economic development
and growth of a nation. It is with this belief that I have founded EICC, and it is for this that I never lose
an opportunity to talk at forums such as CII and FICCI,” he says.

Headquartered in Brussels, EICC works towards fostering trade, commerce and investment between
India and Europe. Dalmia feels that there is so much that India can gain from Europe. “Europe is the
heart of global culture, and some of the world’s oldest democracies have emerged from its nations.
The continent is also the hub of fair trade practices and socio-economic growth. I think India, as the
most ancient culture, and Europe, as the finest example of development, can benefit from each other
immensely,” he says. And, of course, he’s a former member of the Rajya Sabha, where, besides raising
several relevant issues in the fields of finance and economy, he has moved a private members’ bill,
pressing for the rechristening of Andaman and Nicobar Islands to `Shaheed and Swaraj Islands’, as a
token of honour for Subhash Chandra Bose and other free-dom fighters.

Dalmia is actively involved in social causes too. He runs Masoom, a school for special children from
economically challenged backgrounds. “Since the inception of Masoom, I’ve been celebrating every
birthday with these kids,” he beams. Then there’s the Dalmia Sewa Trust, whose activities include
providing safe drinking water to the populace of Chirawa and organising free health camps in
Rajasthan for underprivileged people suffering from asthma and eye ailments. The trust has also been
involved in constructing lavatories in around 100 houses in Chirawa and building homes for about 100
homeless families in the town. All these projects function with the trust’s own re-sources, without any
aid from the government or outside agencies. Dalmia’s patriotic fervour is also evident from his
foundation of the Bharat Maa Shaheed Samman Trust, which honours freedom fighters who died for
the country and provides financial support to the dependants of freedom fighters. The Trust is also in
the process of filing a petition in the British High Court for compensation against the atrocities and
crimes committed by the British in India, on the lines of Kenya’s Mau Mau victims, who, on winning
their case against the British, were directed compensation upon the court’s orders. Further, it
organises the Bharat Maa Gaurav Sandhya, a musical programme themed on patriotic songs, in various
parts of India.

On the domestic front

“I’m an early riser,” says Dalmia. “In the morning, I do yoga, read newspapers to keep myself updated
with the happenings around the world, I plan my business meetings and discuss company growth.”
Dalmia considers his wife, Indu, as his biggest support. Though the couple don’t have children of their
own, they are very attached to Dalmia’s brother’s children. “I always tell the kids to follow my vision
and their hearts and be determined. However, it’s not regimented. I leave it up to them, what they
wish to imbibe and practise.” When it comes to leisure, he loves travelling, especially to places with
mountains and greenery, the Black Forest range being his favourite.

Blueprint for the future

“I want to regain the same legacy of the group as it was in 1940,” says Dalmia. “And my vision is to get
off the beaten track and create institutions through risk, vision and initiative, which will influence not
only the immediate community but also the country at large.” Asked about his personal attributes that
have contributed to his growth, he says, “I believe one should have faith in oneself and a positive
attitude towards life. In a world of advanced globalisation and technological volatility, it becomes
imperative to enhance your skill sets. It is the key to boosting efficiency and quality of labour to ensure
productivity and economic growth.” Dalmia also expresses his fascination for investing in various startups,
as investing in them is like investing in the future of India. India, he concludes on an optimistic
note, is blessed with ample entrepreneurial skills and enough talent to run enterprises all over the
world.

I think it is important to discuss, deliberate, debate and even lobby for the economic development
and growth of a nation. It is with this belief I have founded EICC!